Apr 3, 2023
Clara E. Mattei (New School)
The capital order: How economists invented austerity and paved the way to Fascism
A Financial Times Best Book of the Year
“A must-read, with key lessons for the future.”—Thomas Piketty
A groundbreaking examination of austerity’s dark intellectual origins.
For more than a century, governments facing financial crisis have resorted to the economic policies of austerity—cuts to wages, fiscal spending, and public benefits—as a path to solvency. While these policies have been successful in appeasing creditors, they’ve had devastating effects on social and economic welfare in countries all over the world. Today, as austerity remains a favored policy among troubled states, an important question remains: What if solvency was never really the goal?
In The Capital Order, political economist Clara E. Mattei explores the intellectual origins of austerity to uncover its originating motives: the protection of capital—and indeed capitalism—in times of social upheaval from below.
Mattei traces modern austerity to its origins in interwar Britain and Italy, revealing how the threat of working-class power in the years after World War I animated a set of top-down economic policies that elevated owners, smothered workers, and imposed a rigid economic hierarchy across their societies. Where these policies “succeeded,” relatively speaking, was in their enrichment of certain parties, including employers and foreign-trade interests, who accumulated power and capital at the expense of labor. Here, Mattei argues, is where the true value of austerity can be observed: its insulation of entrenched privilege and its elimination of all alternatives to capitalism.
Drawing on newly uncovered archival material from Britain and
Italy, much of it translated for the first time, The Capital Order
offers a damning and essential new account of the rise of
austerity—and of modern economics—at the levers of contemporary
480 pages | 3 halftones, 8 line drawings, 3 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2022
Economics and Business: ECONOMICS--HISTORY, ECONOMICS--INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE
History: EUROPEAN HISTORY, HISTORY OF IDEAS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part I: War and Crisis
1 The Great War and the Economy
2 “A Wholly New School of Thought”
3 The Struggle for Economic Democracy
4 The New Order
Part II: The Meaning of Austerity
5 International Technocrats and the Making of Austerity
6 Austerity, a British Story
7 Austerity, an Italian Story
8 Italian Austerity and Fascism through British Eyes
9 Austerity and Its “Successes”
10 Austerity Forever